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General Education Beginning Fall 2020

The General Education requirements below apply to students entering a Bachelor of Arts program in Fall 2020 or later. More information can be found in the College Catalog. The 2020-21 edition will be published in late July or early August.

Categories:

Bibliographic Research in Writing (BRW)
Creative Arts
Culture, Power, and Identity
Global Perspectives
Historical Perspectives
Natural Sciences
Physical Education and Well-Being
World Language (Language Other than English)

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Bibliographic Research in Writing (BRW)  4 credits                 Back to Top

Description:

As global citizens, we must speak and act knowledgeably, consider arguments that counter our own, and evaluate the strength of evidence used to support our own and others’ claims. To further these ends, students are required to take one four-credit course that fosters bibliographic research and writing. Bibliographic Research in Writing (BRW)-designated courses familiarize students with modes of critical inquiry by requiring them (1) to discover and document the existing information available on a research question by identifying and evaluating relevant books, articles, and other types of sources, and (2) to create a polished written product that may take the form of a research paper or other academic writing. Students will work closely with faculty in developing and revising their work, make use of print and digital library resources, and draw on the expertise of librarians in the process. The BRW-designated course need not be taken in one’s major. BRW-designated courses may be applied toward a major or minor, and also towards another general education requirement.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completing the requirements of a BRW-designated course, students will have:

  • Articulated or investigated a research question that engages with the scholarship of a given field;
  • Identified relevant literature of the scholarship area and documented their research process;
  • Used sources appropriately by considering the information-creation process, authority in context, diversity of perspectives, and the relationship of the sources to one another;
  • Developed a polished written product incorporating revisions based on detailed faculty feedback.

Courses that apply to the BRW GE requirement:

Art

  • ART 355 Art and Empire
  • ART 401 Art After 1945
  • ART 451 Theory in Practice

Biology

  • BIO 335 Ecology
  • BIO 352 Animal Behavior
  • BIO 411 Chromatin Structure and Dynamics

English

  • ENG 235 Topics in Literature
  • ENG 241 Text and Image
  • ENG 281 From Scroll to Codex: Working With Medieval Manuscripts
  • ENG 310 Medieval Literature
  • ENG 314 Romanticism in the Age of Revolution
  • ENG 316 Modern British and Irish Literature
  • ENG 330 Chaucer
  • ENG 333 Major Figures

Environmental Studies

  • ENVS 220 Environmental Analysis
  • ENVS 311 (Un)Natural Disasters
  • ENVS 350 Environmental Theory

History

  • HIST 111 Making Modern China
  • HIST 208 Asian American History in the U.S.
  • HIST 226 20th-Century Germany
  • HIST 227 Medieval Europe, 800 to 1400
  • HIST 229 The Holocaust in Comparative Perspective
  • HIST 230 Eastern Europe: Borderlands and Bloodlands
  • HIST 243 African American History Since 1863
  • HIST 323 Modern European Intellectual History
  • HIST 326 History of Soviet Russia
  • HIST 390 Immigration and Asylum Law

Music

  • MUS 124 The Symphony
  • MUS 142 Music and Social Justice
  • MUS 162 History of Western Music I
  • MUS 163 History of Western Music II
  • MUS 307 Topics in Music
  • MUS 361 Writing About Music

Philosophy

  • PHIL 102 Introduction to Philosophy
  • PHIL 103 Ethics
  • PHIL 201 Philosophy of Religion
  • PHIL 207 Indian Philosophy
  • PHIL 250 Philosophical Methods
  • PHIL 301 Ancient Western Philosophy
  • PHIL 303 19th-Century Philosophy
  • PHIL 307 Recent Continental Philosophy
  • PHIL 314 Ethical Theory

Political Science

  • POLS 201 Research Methods in Political Science
  • POLS 250 Transitions to Democracy and Authoritarianism
  • POLS 253 Public Policy
  • POLS 255 Law, Lawyers, and Society
  • POLS 318 Civil Society, Politics, and the State

Religious Studies

  • RELS 103 Asceticism: Self-Discipline in Comparative Perspective
  • RELS 104 Religion and Violence
  • RELS 224 Jewish Origins
  • RELS 225 Christian Origins
  • RELS 241 Religion and Culture of Hindu India
  • RELS 251 Medieval Christianity
  • RELS 335 Gender, Sex, Jews, and Christians: Ancient World
  • RELS 340 Gender in American Religious History
  • RELS 341 Religions of the Northwest
  • RELS 342 Mormonism in the American Religious Context
  • RELS 350 Social and Religious World of Early Judaism and Christianity
  • RELS 355 Sufism: Islamic Mysticism
  • RELS 357 Family, Gender, and Religion: Ethnographic Approaches
  • RELS 376 Religious Fundamentalism

Rhetoric and Media Studies

  • RHMS 210 Public Discourse
  • RHMS 301 Rhetorical Criticism
  • RHMS 303 Discourse Analysis
  • RHMS 313 Politics of Public Memory

Sociology and Anthropology

  • SOAN 200 Ethnographic Research Methods
  • SOAN 205 Research Theory and Design

Theatre

  • TH 249 Oregon Shakespeare Festival
  • TH 280 Theatre and Society: Global Foundations
  • TH 283 Theatre and Society: Modern Continental Drama

 

Creative Arts            4 credits                                                   Back to top

Description:

The practice and study of the creative arts increase students’ understanding of their own creative powers and potential, the artistry of others, and the historical and cultural contexts surrounding artistic creation. The arts provide us insights into ourselves and into the complexities and ambiguities of artistic representation, meaning, and culture. Students at Lewis & Clark should therefore acquire, as part of their general education, an awareness of this unique yet foundational way of knowing, forging, and experiencing the world and themselves.

Students may fulfill the creative arts requirement either by engaging in the creative process through courses in artistic production (e.g., the creation of studio art, media, design, music performance and composition, dance, theatre, creative writing) or courses in the study of artistic production (e.g., art history, literature, music history and theory, aesthetics).

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completing the requirements of a Creative Arts General Education course, students will have demonstrated their knowledge of an art, an artistic process, its meaning, and/or the interpretation of an art through one or more of the following:

  • the production of an artistic artifact/performance;
  • the analysis of artistic technique, form, and/or process;
  • the analysis of the frameworks of artistic production, representation, and reception (e.g., historical, cultural, theoretical, or global).

Students will have also developed their own informed artistic point of view, through cultivating both a sense of receptivity to artistic expression and an understanding of art’s materials, techniques, concepts, and forms

Courses that apply to the Creative Arts GE Requirement:

Art

  • ART 100 Key Monuments and Ideas in the History of Art
  • ART 112 Digital Media I
  • ART 113 Sculpture I
  • ART 115 Drawing I
  • ART 116 Ceramics I
  • ART 117A Painting Fundamentals
  • ART 117B Figure Painting
  • ART 120 Photography I
  • ART 151 History of Early East Asian Art
  • ART 154 History of Buddhist Art
  • ART 201 Modern European Art
  • ART 207 Pre-Columbian Art
  • ART 208 Ancient Art of the Mediterranean World
  • ART 230 Baroque Art Worlds
  • ART 257 Urban Experience in China
  • ART 301 Italian Renaissance Art and Architecture
  • ART 303 Realism, Photography, and Print Culture in the 19th Century
  • ART 309 Art of New York
  • ART 311 Studio Seminar on Contemporary Art Theory and Practice
  • ART 319 Modern Architecture
  • ART 327 Special Topics in Studio Art
  • ART 333 Visual Perspectives on Dante’s Divine Comedy
  • ART 355 Art and Empire
  • ART 401 Art After 1945
  • ART 451 Theory in Practice

Chinese

  • CHIN 230 Introduction to Chinese Literature in Translation
  • CHIN 290 Topics in Chinese Literature in Translation

English

  • ENG 100 Introductory Topics in Literature
  • ENG 105 The Art of the Novel
  • ENG 204 Masterpieces of Ancient Literature
  • ENG 205 Major Periods and Issues in English Literature
  • ENG 206 Major Periods and Issues in English Literature
  • ENG 209 Introduction to American Literature
  • ENG 235 Topics in Literature
  • ENG 240 The Brontës: Legends and Legacies
  • ENG 241 Text and Image
  • ENG 243 Women Writers
  • ENG 281 From Scroll to Codex: Working With Medieval Manuscripts
  • ENG 301 Poetry Writing
  • ENG 303 Nonfiction Writing 2
  • ENG 310 Medieval Literature
  • ENG 311 Literature of the English Renaissance
  • ENG 312 The Early English Novel
  • ENG 313 Satire and Sentiment, 1660-1780
  • ENG 314 Romanticism in the Age of Revolution
  • ENG 315 The Victorians: Heroes, Decadents, and Madwomen
  • ENG 316 Modern British and Irish Literature
  • ENG 319 Postcolonial Literature: Anglophone Africa, India, Caribbean
  • ENG 320 Inventing America: Literature of Colonialism and the Early Republic, 1540-1830
  • ENG 321 National Sins, National Dreams: American Literature 1830-1865
  • ENG 322 Getting Real: Post-Civil War American Literature
  • ENG 323 American Modernism
  • ENG 324 Mirrors, Maps, Mazes: Post-World War II American Literature
  • ENG 326 African American Literature
  • ENG 330 Chaucer
  • ENG 331 Shakespeare: Early Works
  • ENG 332 Shakespeare: Later Works
  • ENG 333 Major Figures
  • ENG 334 Special Topics in Literature
  • ENG 340 Topics in Literary Theory/Criticism

French

  • FREN 301 French Composition and Conversation
  • FREN 321 Introduction to French Literary Studies
  • FREN 330 Francophone Literature
  • FREN 340 French Literature and Society
  • FREN 350 Topics in French and Francophone Literature
  • FREN 410 Major Periods in French Literature
  • FREN 450 Special Topics

Gender Studies

  • GEND 300 Gender and Aesthetic Expression

German

  • GERM 230 German Literature in Translation
  • GERM 321 Introduction to Literary Studies
  • GERM 350 Topics in German Literature and Culture
  • GERM 410 Major Periods in German Literature From the Beginning to Enlightenment
  • GERM 450 Special Topics In German

Health Studies

  • HEAL 151 Renaissance Medicine

Music

  • All currently offered music courses apply to the Creative Arts requirement except MUP 100, MUP 299, MUP 499, MUS 244, MUS 299, MUS 444, MUS 489, and MUS 499.
  • MUS 298 and MUS 398 may only be applied with permission from the department chair.

Overseas and Off-Campus Programs

  • IS 252 The Fine Arts in Contemporary London
  • IS 262 20th Century Art and Architecture
  • IS 270 Irish Literature and Theatre
  • IS 273 Topics in Art History
  • OCS 233 History of New York

Rhetoric and Media Studies

  • RHMS 200 Media Design and Criticism
  • RHMS 325 The Documentary Form
  • RHMS 360 Digital Media and Society
  • RHMS 375 Queer Film and Television
  • RHMS 425 American Cinema Studies: Advanced Analysis and Criticism
  • RHMS 475 Television and American Culture

Russian

  • RUSS 290 Topics in Russian Literature and Culture in Translation

Spanish

  • SPAN 360 Latin America and Spain: Pre-Columbian to Baroque
  • SPAN 370 Latin America and Spain: Enlightenment to the Present

Theatre

  • TH 104 Stage Makeup
  • TH 106 Fundamentals of Movement
  • TH 107 Ballet I
  • TH 110A Theatre Laboratory
  • TH 113 Acting I: Fundamentals
  • TH 201 Contact Improvisation
  • TH 209 Social Dance Forms: History, Practice, and Social Significance
  • TH 212 Stagecraft
  • TH 213 Acting II: Realism
  • TH 214 Dance in Context: History and Criticism
  • TH 217 Voice and Movement
  • TH 218 Fundamentals of Design
  • TH 234 Stage Lighting
  • TH 249 Oregon Shakespeare Festival
  • TH 250 Theatre in New York
  • TH 275 Introduction to Playwriting
  • TH 280 Theatre and Society: Global Foundations
  • TH 283 Theatre and Society: Modern Continental Drama
  • TH 301 Directing
  • TH 308 Dance Composition and Improvisation
  • TH 313 Acting III: Style
  • TH 340 The History and Theory of Modern and Contemporary Performance
  • TH 351 Rehearsal and Performance: Main Stage Production
  • TH 356 Devised Performance
  • TH 382 American Theatre and Drama: 19th Century to Present
  • TH 383 Topics in Global Theatre and Performance

 

Culture, Power, and Identity (CPI)     4 credits                         Back to top

Description:

Courses in this category recognize culture, power, and identity as consequential themes within a liberal arts education. These themes have emerged in a variety of disciplines as critical lenses for grappling with historic and current discrimination, domination and inequality. These courses also invite us to consider how broader structures of power interact with culture and/or identity to operate with respect to the varied histories and experiences within our community. Courses that meet this requirement approach a variety of topics from a range of analytical perspectives across the full scope of social, cultural, political, economic, scientific, psychological, and artistic processes represented in the Lewis & Clark curriculum. As students investigate the interplay of culture, power, and/or identity, they learn to cultivate practices in communication, critical reflection on their own position, and/or recognition of different experiences, identities, and perspectives.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completing the requirements of a Culture, Power, and Identity General Education course, students will have critically examined one or both of the following:

  • The manner in which dynamic structures of culture and power affect society and individuals via social, cultural, political, economic, scientific, psychological, and/or artistic processes in historical and/or contemporary contexts;
  • The ways in which individuals, embedded within structures of power, shape interactions in historical and/or contemporary contexts.

Students will have also cultivated at least one of the following practices:

  • Collaborative and productive communication about culture, power, and/or identity in their community;
  • Critical reflection on their own position in relation to culture and power;
  • Recognition of different experiences, identities, and perspectives.

Courses that apply to the Culture, Power and Identity (CPI) GE requirement:

Art

  • ART 113 Sculpture I
  • ART 151 History of Early East Asian Art
  • ART 154 History of Buddhist Art
  • ART 201 Modern European Art
  • ART 207 Pre-Columbian Art
  • ART 257 Urban Experience in China
  • ART 303 Realism, Photography, and Print Culture in the 19th Century
  • ART 355 Art and Empire
  • ART 401 Art After 1945

Asian Studies

  • AS 100 Introduction to Contemporary Asian Studies

Classics

  • CLAS 324 Roman Women

Economics

  • ECON 220 The Financial System and the Economy
  • ECON 250 Radical Political Economics

English

  • ENG 326 African American Literature

Environmental Studies

  • ENVS 295 Environmental Engagement
  • ENVS 311 (Un)Natural Disasters
  • ENVS 350 Environmental Theory

Ethnic Studies

  • ETHS 400 Topics in Race and Ethnic Studies

French

  • FREN 330 Francophone Literature
  • FREN 340 French Literature and Society

Gender Studies

  • GEND 200 Genders and Sexualities in U.S. Society
  • GEND 231 Genders and Sexualities in Global Perspective

History

  • HIST 111 Making Modern China
  • HIST 112 Making Modern Japan
  • HIST 121 Modern European History
  • HIST 134 United States: Revolution to Empire
  • HIST 135 United States: Empire to Superpower
  • HIST 141 Colonial Latin American History
  • HIST 142 Modern Latin American History
  • HIST 208 Asian American History in the U.S.
  • HIST 209 Japan at War
  • HIST 217 The Emergence of Modern South Asia
  • HIST 221 Tudor and Stuart Britain, 1485 to 1688
  • HIST 222 Britain in the Age of Revolution, 1688 to 1815
  • HIST 224 The Making of Modern Britain, 1815 to Present
  • HIST 226 20th-Century Germany
  • HIST 229 The Holocaust in Comparative Perspective
  • HIST 230 Eastern Europe: Borderlands and Bloodlands
  • HIST 231A U.S. Women’s History, 1600 to 1980
  • HIST 239 Constructing the American Landscape
  • HIST 240 Race and Ethnicity in the United States
  • HIST 242 Borderlands: U.S.-Mexico Border, 16th Century to Present
  • HIST 243 African American History Since 1863
  • HIST 259 India in the Age of Empire
  • HIST 261 Global Environmental History
  • HIST 264 From Stumptown to Portlandia: The History of Portland
  • HIST 313 Religion, Society, and the State in Japanese History
  • HIST 316 Popular Culture and Everyday Life in Japanese History
  • HIST 325 History of Islam in Europe
  • HIST 328 The British Empire
  • HIST 338 Crime and Punishment in the United States
  • HIST 345 Race and Nation in Latin America
  • HIST 347 Modern Mexico: Culture, Politics, and Economic Crisis
  • HIST 348 Modern Cuba
  • HIST 388 What’s for Dinner
  • HIST 390 Immigration and Asylum Law

Music

  • MUS 104 Sound and Sense: Understanding Music
  • MUS 106 Workshops in World Music
  • MUS 142 Music and Social Justice
  • MUS 236 Music of Asia
  • MUS 237 Music of Latin America
  • MUS 301 Portland Music Scenes
  • MUS 307 Topics in Music

Overseas and Off-Campus Programs

  • IS 210 Area Studies: East Africa History, Culture, and Change
  • IS 211 Contemporary East Africa
  • IS 216 Moroccan Modernity
  • IS 217 Gender and Society in Morocco
  • IS 230 The Politics of Cultures: Religion, Education, Environment, and the Arts
  • IS 236 Political Ecology of Forests
  • IS 251 Contemporary England
  • IS 261 Contemporary Germany
  • IS 268 Irish Life & Cultures
  • IS 269 The Irish Welfare System
  • IS 276 Emigration in Italy and Europe During the Globalization Era
  • IS 284 Contemporary Ecuador
  • IS 291 Contemporary Australia
  • IS 292 Indigenous Studies

Philosophy

  • PHIL 103 Ethics
  • PHIL 201 Philosophy of Religion
  • PHIL 207 Indian Philosophy
  • PHIL 215 Philosophy and the Environment
  • PHIL 303 19th-Century Philosophy
  • PHIL 307 Recent Continental Philosophy
  • PHIL 314 Ethical Theory

Political Science

  • POLS 301 American Constitutional Law: Equal Protection and Due Process
  • POLS 310 Pillars of Western Political Thought: Plato to Machiavelli
  • POLS 311 Pillars of Western Political Thought: Revolution and the Social Contract
  • POLS 312 Pillars of Western Political Thought: The Fate of Democracy
  • POLS 313 Global Justice
  • POLS 316 Ethics and Public Policy
  • POLS 359 Religion and Politics

Psychology

  • PSY 440 Social Construction of Madness
  • PSY 465 Advanced Topics in Social Psychology

Religious Studies

  • RELS 105 Apocalyptic Imagination
  • RELS 224 Jewish Origins
  • RELS 225 Christian Origins
  • RELS 228 Power, Politics, and Scripture
  • RELS 253 Prophets, Seekers, and Heretics: U.S. Religious History from 1492 to 1865
  • RELS 254 Religion in Modern America, 1865 to Present
  • RELS 274 Islam in the Modern World
  • RELS 335 Gender, Sex, Jews, and Christians: Ancient World
  • RELS 340 Gender in American Religious History
  • RELS 357 Family, Gender, and Religion: Ethnographic Approaches
  • RELS 376 Religious Fundamentalism

Rhetoric and Media Studies

  • RHMS 302 Media Theory
  • RHMS 313 Politics of Public Memory
  • RHMS 315 Comparative Rhetoric
  • RHMS 320 Health Narratives
  • RHMS 321 Argument and Social Justice
  • RHMS 332 Rhetoric of Gender in Relationships
  • RHMS 360 Digital Media and Society
  • RHMS 375 Queer Film and Television
  • RHMS 408 Argument and Persuasion in Science
  • RHMS 431 Feminist Discourse Analysis
  • RHMS 475 Television and American Culture

Russian

  • RUSS 290 Topics in Russian Literature and Culture in Translation

Sociology/Anthropology

  • SOAN 100 Introduction to Sociology
  • SOAN 110 Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
  • SOAN 214 Social Change
  • SOAN 216 Social Power of Music
  • SOAN 221 Work, Leisure, and Consumption
  • SOAN 225 Race and Ethnicity in Global Perspective
  • SOAN 261 Gender and Sexuality in Latin America
  • SOAN 266 Social Change in Latin America
  • SOAN 282 Pacific Rim Cities
  • SOAN 284 Anthropology of Print Media
  • SOAN 285 Culture and Power in the Middle East
  • SOAN 300 Social Theory
  • SOAN 310 Religion, Society, and Modernity
  • SOAN 321 Theory Through Ethnography
  • SOAN 342 Power and Resistance
  • SOAN 347 Borderlands: Tibet and the Himalaya
  • SOAN 349 Indigenous Peoples: Identities and Politics
  • SOAN 360 Colonialism and Postcolonialism

Theatre

  • TH 209 Social Dance Forms: History, Practice, and Social Significance
  • TH 214 Dance in Context: History and Criticism
  • TH 280 Theatre and Society: Global Foundations
  • TH 382 American Theatre and Drama: 19th Century to Present
  • TH 383 Topics in Global Theatre and Performance

 

Global Perspectives         4 credits                                           Back to top

Description:

To become educated citizens of an interdependent world, all Lewis & Clark students are expected to gain a critical understanding of perspectives, politics, economics, societies, religions, creative arts, and/or cultures distinct from the United States, sometimes through comparison with the United States. This understanding can occur either through immersion in the culture of another global region as part of an overseas study program or via a classroom experience.

Students may fulfill the Global Perspectives requirement in one of two ways:

  • By successfully completing at least 8 credits on a fall, spring, or summer semester Lewis & Clark overseas study program.
  • By completing one course (4 credits) from the list below.
Learning Outcomes:

Upon completing the Global Perspective requirement, students will have

  • Gained a critical understanding of perspectives, politics, economics, societies, religions, creative arts, and/or cultures distinct from those of the United States, or of regional or global trends therein,

and/or

  • Fostered recognition and development of cross-cultural skills by comparing United States perspectives in politics, economics, societies, religions, creative arts, and/or cultures with those of other countries and regions.

Courses that apply to the Global Perspectives GE requirement:

Art

  • ART 100 Key Monuments and Ideas in the History of Art
  • ART 151 History of Early East Asian Art
  • ART 154 History of Buddhist Art
  • ART 201 Modern European Art
  • ART 207 Pre-Columbian Art
  • ART 208 Ancient Art of the Mediterranean World
  • ART 230 Baroque Art Worlds
  • ART 257 Urban Experience in China
  • ART 301 Italian Renaissance Art and Architecture
  • ART 333 Visual Perspectives on Dante’s Divine Comedy
  • ART 355 Art and Empire

Asian Studies

  • AS 100 Introduction to Contemporary Asian Studies

Chinese

  • CHIN 230 Introduction to Chinese Literature in Translation
  • CHIN 290 Topics in Chinese Literature in Translation

Classics

  • CLAS 201 Introduction to Ancient Greek Thought and Culture
  • CLAS 202 Introduction to Ancient Roman Thought and Culture
  • CLAS 320 Greek and Roman Epic
  • CLAS 324 Roman Women

Economics

  • ECON 232 Economic Development
  • ECON 312 Global Health Economics
  • ECON 314 International Finance

English

  • ENG 316 Modern British and Irish Literature
  • ENG 319 Postcolonial Literature: Anglophone Africa, India, Caribbean

Environmental Studies

  • ENVS 160 Introduction to Environmental Studies
  • ENVS 200 Situating the Global Environment

French

  • FREN 202 Intermediate French II: Reading in Cultural Context
  • FREN 301 French Composition and Conversation
  • FREN 321 Introduction to French Literary Studies
  • FREN 330 Francophone Literature
  • FREN 340 French Literature and Society
  • FREN 350 Topics in French and Francophone Literature
  • FREN 410 Major Periods in French Literature
  • FREN 450 Special Topics

Gender Studies

  • GEND 231 Genders and Sexualities in Global Perspective

German

  • GERM 230 German Literature in Translation
  • GERM 301 German Composition and Conversation
  • GERM 321 Introduction to Literary Studies
  • GERM 350 Topics in German Literature and Culture
  • GERM 410 Major Periods in German Literature From the Beginning to Enlightenment
  • GERM 450 Special Topics In German

History

  • HIST 110 Early East Asian History
  • HIST 111 Making Modern China
  • HIST 112 Making Modern Japan
  • HIST 121 Modern European History
  • HIST 141 Colonial Latin American History
  • HIST 142 Modern Latin American History
  • HIST 209 Japan at War
  • HIST 216 Ancient Greece
  • HIST 217 The Emergence of Modern South Asia
  • HIST 219 Ancient Rome: From Republic to Empire
  • HIST 221 Tudor and Stuart Britain, 1485 to 1688
  • HIST 222 Britain in the Age of Revolution, 1688 to 1815
  • HIST 224 The Making of Modern Britain, 1815 to Present
  • HIST 226 20th-Century Germany
  • HIST 229 The Holocaust in Comparative Perspective
  • HIST 230 Eastern Europe: Borderlands and Bloodlands
  • HIST 242 Borderlands: U.S.-Mexico Border, 16th Century to Present
  • HIST 259 India in the Age of Empire
  • HIST 261 Global Environmental History
  • HIST 288 China in the News: Socio-Anthropological and Historical Perspective on Modern China
  • HIST 313 Religion, Society, and the State in Japanese History
  • HIST 316 Popular Culture and Everyday Life in Japanese History
  • HIST 323 Modern European Intellectual History
  • HIST 325 History of Islam in Europe
  • HIST 326 History of Soviet Russia
  • HIST 328 The British Empire
  • HIST 345 Race and Nation in Latin America
  • HIST 347 Modern Mexico: Culture, Politics, and Economic Crisis
  • HIST 348 Modern Cuba
  • HIST 388 What’s for Dinner
  • HIST 390 Immigration and Asylum Law

International Affairs

  • IA 100 Introduction to International Relations
  • IA 342 Perception and International Relations

Music

  • MUS 106 Workshops in World Music
  • MUS 124 The Symphony
  • MUS 142 Music and Social Justice
  • MUS 162 History of Western Music I
  • MUS 163 History of Western Music II
  • MUS 236 Music of Asia
  • MUS 237 Music of Latin America
  • MUS 301 Portland Music Scenes
  • MUS 307 Topics in Music
  • MUS 362 Topics in History and Music I
  • Music Performance
  • MUP 121 Gamelan Ensemble
  • MUP 125 African Mbira Class
  • MUP 138 Beginning African Marimba Ensemble
  • MUP 150 Beginning Ghanaian Music and Dance Ensemble
  • MUP 152 Hindustani Voice Class
  • MUP 153 Hindustani Voice Private Lessons
  • MUP 154 Beginning Indian Instrumental Music Class
  • MUP 155 Sitar Private Lessons
  • MUP 157 Tabla Private Lessons
  • MUP 158 Charango Private Lessons
  • MUP 159 Cuatro Private Lessons
  • MUP 169 Flamenco Guitar Private Lessons
  • MUP 197 Ghanaian Percussion Private Lessons
  • MUP 238 Intermediate African Marimba Ensemble
  • MUP 250 Intermediate Ghanaian Music and Dance Ensemble

Overseas and Off-Campus Programs

  • IS 210 Area Studies: East Africa History, Culture, and Change
  • IS 211 Contemporary East Africa
  • IS 215 Morocco: Development & Sustainability
  • IS 216 Moroccan Modernity
  • IS 217 Gender and Society in Morocco
  • IS 230 The Politics of Cultures: Religion, Education, Environment, and the Arts
  • IS 235 Thai Language and Society
  • IS 236 Political Ecology of Forests
  • IS 237 Culture and Ecology of the Andaman
  • IS 251 Contemporary England
  • IS 252 The Fine Arts in Contemporary London
  • IS 256 Topics in Humanities: London
  • IS 259 Modern Greece: Language and Culture
  • IS 260 History of Modern Berlin: From 1815 to Present
  • IS 261 Contemporary Germany
  • IS 262 20th Century Art and Architecture
  • IS 263 Metropolitan Development: Urban Studies in Comparative Perspective
  • IS 268 Irish Life & Cultures
  • IS 269 The Irish Welfare System
  • IS 270 Irish Literature and Theatre
  • IS 273 Topics in Art History
  • IS 274 Religious Cultures and Traditions in Italy
  • IS 275 Introduction to Sociolinguistics
  • IS 276 Emigration in Italy and Europe During the Globalization Era
  • IS 284 Contemporary Ecuador
  • IS 290 Area Study: Australia
  • IS 291 Contemporary Australia
  • IS 292 Indigenous Studies
  • IS 296 Environment, Society & Natural Resource Management

Philosophy

  • PHIL 201 Philosophy of Religion
  • PHIL 207 Indian Philosophy
  • PHIL 301 Ancient Western Philosophy
  • PHIL 303 19th-Century Philosophy
  • PHIL 307 Recent Continental Philosophy

Political Science

  • POLS 102 Introduction to Comparative Politics
  • POLS 250 Transitions to Democracy and Authoritarianism
  • POLS 310 Pillars of Western Political Thought: Plato to Machiavelli
  • POLS 311 Pillars of Western Political Thought: Revolution and the Social Contract
  • POLS 312 Pillars of Western Political Thought: The Fate of Democracy
  • POLS 314 Russian Politics in Comparative Perspective
  • POLS 318 Civil Society, Politics, and the State
  • POLS 325 European Politics

Psychology

  • PSY 190 Culture, Film, and Psychology
  • PSY 390 Cross-Cultural Psychology

Religious Studies

  • RELS 103 Asceticism: Self-Discipline in Comparative Perspective
  • RELS 241 Religion and Culture of Hindu India
  • RELS 242 Religions and Cultures of East Asia
  • RELS 243 Buddhism: Theory, Culture, and Practice
  • RELS 273 Islamic Origins
  • RELS 274 Islam in the Modern World
  • RELS 355 Sufism: Islamic Mysticism
  • RELS 357 Family, Gender, and Religion: Ethnographic Approaches
  • RELS 453 Seminar in Islamic Studies: Islamic Law

Rhetoric and Media Studies

  • RHMS 313 Politics of Public Memory
  • RHMS 315 Comparative Rhetoric

Russian

  • RUSS 290 Topics in Russian Literature and Culture in Translation
  • RUSS 351 Russian Composition and Conversation

Sociology/Anthropology

  • SOAN 215 International Migration
  • SOAN 225 Race and Ethnicity in Global Perspective
  • SOAN 250 Southeast Asia: Development, Resistance, and Social Change
  • SOAN 261 Gender and Sexuality in Latin America
  • SOAN 265 Critical Perspectives on Development
  • SOAN 266 Social Change in Latin America
  • SOAN 282 Pacific Rim Cities
  • SOAN 284 Anthropology of Print Media
  • SOAN 285 Culture and Power in the Middle East
  • SOAN 310 Religion, Society, and Modernity
  • SOAN 342 Power and Resistance
  • SOAN 347 Borderlands: Tibet and the Himalaya
  • SOAN 349 Indigenous Peoples: Identities and Politics
  • SOAN 350 Global Inequality
  • SOAN 360 Colonialism and Postcolonialism
  • SOAN 367 Anthropology of Tourism: Travel in Asia

Spanish

  • SPAN 360 Latin America and Spain: Pre-Columbian to Baroque
  • SPAN 370 Latin America and Spain: Enlightenment to the Present

Theatre

  • TH 280 Theatre and Society: Global Foundations
  • TH 283 Theatre and Society: Modern Continental Drama
  • TH 383 Topics in Global Theatre and Performance

 

Historical Perspectives    4 credits                                            Back to top

Description:

Global citizenship requires us to understand perspectives and contexts other than our own. These contexts and perspectives may be geographic and cultural, and they may be temporal. The Historical Perspectives requirement engages students in explanations and understandings from outside our present moment that illustrate how our present arises from our past. Historical Perspectives courses attend to the ways that the stories we tell about the past are themselves historically influenced by cultural, social, political, economic, and religious motivations, and to the ways that our current explanations and understandings of the world are contingent. By studying events, texts, art, artifacts, and ideas from the past—and the narratives we construct about them—students expand their imaginative and interpretative capacities and cultivate skepticism and humility in understanding the world beyond the present moment.

Courses fulfilling the Historical Perspectives requirement present students with opportunities to learn about events, texts, art, artifacts, or ideas significantly removed from the present perspective, i.e., prior to 1945, a year marking a significant break in global history.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completing the requirements of a Historical Perspectives General Education course, students will have:

  • Explained and demonstrated an understanding of contexts or perspectives from outside the current era;
  • Explained or evaluated events, texts, art, artifacts, or ideas from before 1945, including primary sources;
  • Placed cultures, events, objects, texts, or ideas from before 1945 in conversation with one another and/or with the present moment.

Courses that apply to the Historical Perspectives GE requirement:

Art

  • ART 100 Key Monuments and Ideas in the History of Art
  • ART 151 History of Early East Asian Art
  • ART 154 History of Buddhist Art
  • ART 201 Modern European Art
  • ART 207 Pre-Columbian Art
  • ART 208 Ancient Art of the Mediterranean World
  • ART 230 Baroque Art Worlds
  • ART 257 Urban Experience in China
  • ART 301 Italian Renaissance Art and Architecture
  • ART 303 Realism, Photography, and Print Culture in the 19th Century
  • ART 319 Modern Architecture
  • ART 333 Visual Perspectives on Dante’s Divine Comedy
  • ART 355 Art and Empire

Classics

  • CLAS 100 Ancient Greek Myth: Gods and Goddesses, Heroines and Heroes
  • CLAS 201 Introduction to Ancient Greek Thought and Culture
  • CLAS 202 Introduction to Ancient Roman Thought and Culture
  • CLAS 320 Greek and Roman Epic
  • CLAS 324 Roman Women

English

  • ENG 204 Masterpieces of Ancient Literature
  • ENG 209 Introduction to American Literature
  • ENG 240 The Brontës: Legends and Legacies
  • ENG 281 From Scroll to Codex: Working With Medieval Manuscripts
  • ENG 310 Medieval Literature
  • ENG 312 The Early English Novel
  • ENG 313 Satire and Sentiment, 1660-1780
  • ENG 314 Romanticism in the Age of Revolution
  • ENG 315 The Victorians: Heroes, Decadents, and Madwomen
  • ENG 316 Modern British and Irish Literature
  • ENG 320 Inventing America: Literature of Colonialism and the Early Republic, 1540-1830
  • ENG 321 National Sins, National Dreams: American Literature 1830-1865
  • ENG 322 Getting Real: Post-Civil War American Literature
  • ENG 323 American Modernism
  • ENG 326 African American Literature
  • ENG 330 Chaucer

French

  • FREN 340 French Literature and Society
  • FREN 350 Topics in French and Francophone Literature
  • FREN 410 Major Periods in French Literature

German

  • GERM 450 Special Topics In German

Health Studies

  • HEAL 151 Renaissance Medicine

History

  • HIST 110 Early East Asian History
  • HIST 111 Making Modern China
  • HIST 112 Making Modern Japan
  • HIST 120 Early European History
  • HIST 121 Modern European History
  • HIST 134 United States: Revolution to Empire
  • HIST 141 Colonial Latin American History
  • HIST 142 Modern Latin American History
  • HIST 208 Asian American History in the U.S.
  • HIST 209 Japan at War
  • HIST 216 Ancient Greece
  • HIST 217 The Emergence of Modern South Asia
  • HIST 219 Ancient Rome: From Republic to Empire
  • HIST 221 Tudor and Stuart Britain, 1485 to 1688
  • HIST 222 Britain in the Age of Revolution, 1688 to 1815
  • HIST 224 The Making of Modern Britain, 1815 to Present
  • HIST 226 20th-Century Germany
  • HIST 227 Medieval Europe, 800 to 1400
  • HIST 229 The Holocaust in Comparative Perspective
  • HIST 230 Eastern Europe: Borderlands and Bloodlands
  • HIST 231A U.S. Women’s History, 1600 to 1980
  • HIST 240 Race and Ethnicity in the United States
  • HIST 242 Borderlands: U.S.-Mexico Border, 16th Century to Present
  • HIST 243 African American History Since 1863
  • HIST 259 India in the Age of Empire
  • HIST 261 Global Environmental History
  • HIST 313 Religion, Society, and the State in Japanese History
  • HIST 316 Popular Culture and Everyday Life in Japanese History
  • HIST 323 Modern European Intellectual History
  • HIST 325 History of Islam in Europe
  • HIST 326 History of Soviet Russia
  • HIST 328 The British Empire
  • HIST 345 Race and Nation in Latin America
  • HIST 347 Modern Mexico: Culture, Politics, and Economic Crisis
  • HIST 348 Modern Cuba

Music

  • MUS 104 Sound and Sense: Understanding Music
  • MUS 124 The Symphony
  • MUS 150 Music Theory I
  • MUS 162 History of Western Music I
  • MUS 163 History of Western Music II
  • MUS 200 Music Theory II
  • MUS 236 Music of Asia
  • MUS 237 Music of Latin America
  • MUS 250 Music Theory III
  • MUS 280 Vocal Literature
  • MUS 300 Music Theory IV: Contemporary
  • MUS 307 Topics in Music
  • MUS 342 Counterpoint
  • MUS 362 Topics in History and Music I
  • MUS 490 Senior Project

Overseas and Off-Campus Programs

  • IS 210 Area Studies: East Africa History, Culture, and Change
  • IS 260 History of Modern Berlin: From 1815 to Present
  • IS 262 20th Century Art and Architecture
  • IS 273 Topics in Art History
  • IS 274 Religious Cultures and Traditions in Italy
  • IS 284 Contemporary Ecuador
  • OCS 233 History of New York

Philosophy

  • PHIL 102 Introduction to Philosophy
  • PHIL 201 Philosophy of Religion
  • PHIL 207 Indian Philosophy
  • PHIL 301 Ancient Western Philosophy
  • PHIL 302 Early Modern Philosophy
  • PHIL 303 19th-Century Philosophy
  • PHIL 307 Recent Continental Philosophy

Political Science

  • POLS 309 American Political Thought
  • POLS 310 Pillars of Western Political Thought: Plato to Machiavelli
  • POLS 311 Pillars of Western Political Thought: Revolution and the Social Contract
  • POLS 312 Pillars of Western Political Thought: The Fate of Democracy

Religious Studies

  • RELS 102 Food and Religion in America
  • RELS 103 Asceticism: Self-Discipline in Comparative Perspective
  • RELS 105 Apocalyptic Imagination
  • RELS 224 Jewish Origins
  • RELS 225 Christian Origins
  • RELS 241 Religion and Culture of Hindu India
  • RELS 242 Religions and Cultures of East Asia
  • RELS 243 Buddhism: Theory, Culture, and Practice
  • RELS 251 Medieval Christianity
  • RELS 253 Prophets, Seekers, and Heretics: U.S. Religious History from 1492 to 1865
  • RELS 254 Religion in Modern America, 1865 to Present
  • RELS 273 Islamic Origins
  • RELS 335 Gender, Sex, Jews, and Christians: Ancient World
  • RELS 340 Gender in American Religious History
  • RELS 341 Religions of the Northwest
  • RELS 342 Mormonism in the American Religious Context
  • RELS 350 Social and Religious World of Early Judaism and Christianity
  • RELS 355 Sufism: Islamic Mysticism
  • RELS 450 Seminar: Social and Religious World of Early Judaism and Christianity
  • RELS 453 Seminar in Islamic Studies: Islamic Law

Rhetoric and Media Studies

  • RHMS 203 Rhetorical Theory

Russian

  • RUSS 351 Russian Composition and Conversation

Theatre

  • TH 214 Dance in Context: History and Criticism
  • TH 280 Theatre and Society: Global Foundations
  • TH 283 Theatre and Society: Modern Continental Drama
  • TH 313 Acting III: Style

 

Natural Sciences      4 credits                                                   Back to top

Description:

To prepare for life-long learning and civic leadership in an interdependent world, students must be familiar with methods of scientific inquiry and reasoning that lead to evidence-based explanations of natural phenomena and inform the development of technology.

Lewis & Clark students make necessary progress toward this goal by completing at least one course in the natural sciences. To register for many of the courses that fulfill this requirement, the student must first do one of the following: (a) earn the appropriate score on a quantitative reasoning examination; (b) receive a score of 4 or 5 on an AP exam in calculus AB or BC; (c) receive a score of 5, 6, or 7 on an International Baccalaureate higher-level mathematics exam; (d) successfully complete QR 101 or another prerequisite course. Some courses have additional prerequisites. (See course descriptions.)

Learning outcomes:

Upon completing the requirements of a Natural Sciences General Education course, students will have:

  • Recognized science as an iterative, exploratory process that requires both reasoning and creativity;
  • Come to understand that scientific principles result from the analysis of evidence collected through experimental or observational approaches;
  • Developed and used skills for analysis and interpretation of scientific data;
  • Demonstrated familiarity with the use of data to generate and answer questions about natural phenomena;
  • Become familiar with the major concepts of at least one field of the natural sciences; and
  • Assessed the broader impact of topics discussed in the course.

Courses that apply to the Natural Sciences GE requirement:

Biology

  • BIO 100 Perspectives in Biology
  • BIO 110 Biological Investigations
  • BIO 115 Explorations in Regional Biology
  • BIO 201 Biological Core Concepts: Systems
  • BIO 202 Biological Core Concepts: Mechanisms
  • BIO 335 Ecology

Chemistry

  • CHEM 100 Perspectives in Environmental Chemistry
  • CHEM 105 Perspectives in Nutrition
  • CHEM 110 General Chemistry I
  • CHEM 120 General Chemistry II
  • CHEM 210 Organic Chemistry I
  • CHEM 220 Organic Chemistry II

Entrepreneurial Leadership and Innovation

  • ELI 290 Technologies of the Future

Geology

  • GEOL 150 Environmental Geology
  • GEOL 170 Climate Science
  • GEOL 270 Issues in Oceanography
  • GEOL 280 The Fundamentals of Hydrology
  • GEOL 340 Spatial Problems in Earth System Science

Physics

  • PHYS 105 Astronomy
  • PHYS 106 The Physics of Music
  • PHYS 110 Great Ideas in Physics
  • PHYS 141 Introductory General Physics I
  • PHYS 142 Introductory General Physics II
  • PHYS 151 Physics I: Motion
  • PHYS 152 Physics II: Waves and Matter

Psychology

  • PSY 350 Behavioral Neuroscience
  • PSY 355 Cognitive Neuroscience

 

Physical Education and Well-Being  2 credits/2 courses          Back to top

Description:

Physical education is a facet of the liberal arts tradition that stresses the interdependence of the physical, mental, and social dimensions of human experience. Students will learn to recognize and experience the positive benefits of building physical fitness and self-care habits, explore aspects of the body’s structure and function, and engage in experiences within a group or community setting.

The wide array of classes that satisfy this requirement are offered at many levels and modes of engagement, including physical education courses (with dozens of options from weightlifting to rock climbing to yoga and meditation), varsity sports, and dance and movement classes. Courses promote personal health and well-being, often serving collective purposes of expression and teamwork. Students learn to challenge themselves by setting goals and measuring progress toward those goals.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completing the requirements of a Physical Education and Well-Being course, students will have:

  • Learned to recognize and experience the positive benefits of building physical well-being and self-care habits as part of the liberal arts tradition;
  • Explored structural and functional aspects of their bodies as part of a healthy relationship with the body;
  • Discovered connections between the mind and body; and
  • Engaged in these experiences within a group or community setting.

Courses that apply to the Physical Education and Well-Being GE requirement:

Physical Education and Well-Being

  • PE/A 101 Activities
  • PE/A 102 Varsity Athletics
  • PE/A 142 Wilderness Leadership

Music

  • MUS 281 Art & Science of the Voice
  • MUS 346 Conducting
  • MUS 347 Advanced Conducting
  • Music Performance
  • MUP 115 Voces Auream Treble Chorus
  • MUP 116 Community Chorale
  • MUP 117 Cappella Nova
  • MUP 118 Vocal Performance Workshop
  • MUP 131 Beginning Voice Class
  • MUP 150 Beginning Ghanaian Music and Dance Ensemble
  • MUP 250 Intermediate Ghanaian Music and Dance Ensemble

Theatre

  • TH 106 Fundamentals of Movement
  • TH 201 Contact Improvisation
  • TH 209 Social Dance Forms: History, Practice, and Social Significance
  • TH 308 Dance Composition and Improvisation

 

World Language (Language Other than English)                   Back to top

Description:

The study of a language other than one’s own has always been a hallmark of a liberal education and is all the more important in today’s interdependent world. Learning a new language reveals nuances and subtleties that yield insight into cultural practices, values, belief systems, and everyday life in the contemporary world and/or in historical contexts.

At Lewis & Clark in particular, language learning has a place of central importance, both because of Lewis & Clark’s historical commitment to global perspectives and because encounters with diverse cultures have become an integral part of the undergraduate program. Not only does language study enhance our appreciation for and sensitivity to the world around us, it also better enables us to understand and appreciate our own languages and cultures.

World language proficiency, whether in a modern or classical language, is a requirement for all Lewis & Clark students. A student can satisfy this requirement in either of the following ways:

  • By completing study of a language other than English through the 201 level, either on campus or by completing an approved overseas program. (The list of approved programs is available from the Office of Overseas and Off-Campus Programs.)
  • By placing into 202 or above on a language placement examination for a language other than English. (Language placement examinations must be provided by a regionally accredited institution.)

Exemptions:

Students admitted as international students whose first language is not English are exempt from the world language requirement.

Students admitted as US citizens or dual citizens who have acquired non-English language proficiency by virtue of living in another country must complete a language placement examination from a regionally accredited institution. If no regionally accredited institution offers a placement exam in the language, other testing alternatives may be available. Please see the Registrar’s Office for information and procedure.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completing the World Language General Education requirement, students will have demonstrated proficiency in a language other than English by having

  • Obtained a passing grade in any World or Classical Language course at the 201 level; or
  • Achieved an ACTFL score (for modern languages) equivalent to the 201 level in both Speaking and Writing; or
  • Met the SCS guidelines (for classical languages) equivalent to the 201 level in reading and translation skills.

Students completing this requirement will have also acquired a familiarity with the cultural, historical, and/or literary contexts of the language studied.

Courses that apply to the Language Other Than English GE requirement:

  • All language courses at the 201 level.

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