Professor of International Affairs and Chair of International Affairs
National Security and Strategic Studies
Conflict and Warfare
Global Resource Issues
Psychological Aspects of International Relations
IA 100: Introduction to International Relations
IA 244: International Affairs Symposium Practicum
IA 257: Global Resource Dilemmas
IA 330: Global Security
Core 107: Exploration & Discovery - The Art of War
Interdependent Yet Intolerant: Native Citizen-Foreign Migrant Violence and Global Insecurity (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, forthcoming 2021).
“Protecting People or Land? Global Tradeoffs between Safeguarding Human Rights and Physical Environments,” in Heather Smith-Cannoy, ed., Emerging Threats to Human Rights: Resources, Violence and Deprivation of Citizenship (Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press, 2019).
Global Data Shock: Strategic Ambiguity, Deception, and Surprise in an Age of Information Overload (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2019).
The Global Illusion of Citizen Protection: Transnational Threats and Human Security (Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2018).
Coercing Compliance: State-Initiated Brute Force and Global Security (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2015).
“Turning Challenges into Opportunities: Taking Advantage of the Terrorism-Trafficking (or Criminal) Nexus,” in Russell D. Howard, Ed., The Nexus Between Traffickers and Terrorists: The New Clear and Present Danger (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2014).
Global Security Upheaval: Armed Non-State Groups Usurping State Stability Function (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2013).
“Private Defense Contractors,” in David Milne, Timothy Lynch, and Christopher McKnight Nicols, eds., The Oxford Encyclopaedia of American Military and Diplomatic History (New York: Oxford University Press, 2012).
“Overview of American Government Expeditionary Operations Using Private Contractors,” in Christopher Kinsey and Malcolm Patterson, eds., Contractors and War: The Transformation of United States’ Military and Stabilization Operations (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2012).
Dark Logic: Transnational Criminal Tactics and Global Security (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2011).
“ On Estimating Post-Cold War Enemy Intentions,” Intelligence and National Security, XXIV (April 2009), pp. 194-215.
Global Threat: Target-Centered Assessment and Management (Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2008).
“ Reassessing Modern Postwar Victory,” Armed Forces & Society XXXIII, July 2007, 461-495.
The Meaning of Military Victory (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2006) (selected as one of the Choice Outstanding Academic Books of 2007 and nominated for the International Studies Association Best Book Award).
“Defining Postwar Victory,” in Jan Angstrom & Isabelle Duyvesteyn, eds., Understanding Victory and Defeat in Contemporary War (New York: Routledge, 2006): 13-45.
“Mercenaries,” in Jan Aart Scholte, ed., Encyclopedia of Globalization (New York: Routledge, 2006), 769-772.
Security, Strategy, and the Quest for Bloodless War (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004).
“Nonlethal Weaponry and Deterrence Dilemmas,” Armed Forces & Society, XXX, Summer 2004, 511-537.
“The Wartime Utility of Precision versus Brute Force in Weaponry,” Armed Forces & Society, XXX, Winter 2004, 171-201.
“Fighting Fire with Fire: Privatizing Counterterrorism,” in Russell D. Howard and Reid L. Sawyer, eds., Defeating Terrorism: Shaping the New Security Environment (New York: McGraw-Hill, 2003).
“Security and Natural Disasters,” Journal of Conflict Studies, XXXII, Fall 2002, 118-143.
Armies without States: The Privatization of Security (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002).
“The Privatization of Security,” Armed Forces & Society, XXVIII, Fall 2001, 129-151.
Deadly Transfers and The Global Playground: Transnational Security Threats in a Disorderly World (Westport, CT: Praeger, 1999).
“Deadly Transfers, National Hypocrisy, and Global Chaos”, Armed Forces & Society, XXV, Winter 1999, 307-327.
“Exploding Myths about Global Arms Transfers”, Journal of Conflict Studies, XXVIII, Fall 1998, 47-65.
“Perceived Security Threat and the Global Refugee Crisis”, Armed Forces & Society, XXIV, Fall 1997, 77-103.
“Discussion of ‘Environment and Security’”, in Security Studies in the 21st Century, edited by Richard Shultz, Roy Godson, and George H. Quester (New York: Brassey’s, 1997); and in Security Studies for the 1990s, edited by Richard Shultz, Roy Godson, and Ted Greenwood (New York: Brassey’s, 1993).
“Virtual Peacemaking,” in Teaching about Conflict and Peacemaking, edited by Saadia Touval and Pamela R. Aall (Washington, DC: United States Institute of Peace, 1997).
“What Are We Protecting?”, Armed Forces & Society, XXII, Spring 1996, 335-355.
The Changing Face of National Security: A Conceptual Analysis, (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1994).
“The Transformation of the American Defense Industry: Corporate Perceptions and Preferences”, Armed Forces & Society, XX, Winter 1994, 175-198.
“The Legacy of the Gulf War: Microcomputer Software Covering Military Hardware”, Social Science Computer Review, XI, Spring 1993, 117-122.
“Chemical Warfare—Act of Intimidation or Desperation?”, Armed Forces & Society, XIX, Winter 1993, 187-208.
“Sources of International River Basin Disputes”, Conflict Quarterly, XII, Fall 1992, pp. 25-56.
“Global Mapping/Geographical Reference Software for the Political and Social Sciences”, Social Science Computer Review, IX, Winter 1991, 558-574.
“Public Opinion and Superpower Strategic Arms”, Armed Forces & Society, XVII, Spring 1991, pp. 209-227.
“The World According to Micros”, BYTE Magazine, XV, July 1990, pp. 256-267.
Conflict Over the World’s Resources (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1988).
“Predicting Overseas Political Instability: Perspectives of the Government Intelligence and Multinational Business Communities”, Conflict Quarterly, VIII, Spring 1988, pp. 23-46.
Irrationality in International Confrontation (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1987).
“An Evaluation of the ‘Balance of Power’ Simulation”, Journal of Conflict Resolution, XXXI, June 1987, pp. 333-345.
“Distortions in the Intelligence Decision-Making Process”, in Intelligence and Intelligence Policy in a Democratic Society, pp. 69-83, edited by Stephen J. Cimbala, (Dobbs Ferry, NY: Transnational Publishers), 1987.
“Adversaries’ Expectations and Desires About War Termination”, in Strategic War Termination, pp. 174-189, edited by Stephen J. Cimbala (New York: Praeger), 1986.
“The Effectiveness of Gunboat Diplomacy”, International Studies Quarterly, XXX, March 1986, pp. 59-76.
“Psychological Approaches to International Relations”, in Political Psychology: Contemporary Problems and Issues, pp. 251-278, edited by Margaret G. Hermann (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass), 1986.
“Testimony on the Overseas Private Investment Corporation”, in Oversight of the U.S. Overseas Private Investment Corporation, pp. 3-46, Hearing before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, First Session, June 13, 1985 (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office), 1985.
“Professional-Level War Gaming: A Critical Assessment”, in Theories, Models, and Simulations in International Relations: Essays and Research in Honor of Harold Guetzkow, pp. 483-500, edited by Michael D. Ward (Boulder, CO: Westview Press), 1985.
“The Desirability of Irrationality in Foreign Policy Making: A Preliminary Theoretical Analysis”, Political Psychology, V, December 1984, pp. 643-660.
“The Overseas Private Investment Corporation and International Investment”, Columbia Journal of World Business, XIX, Spring 1984, pp. 89-95.
“Roots of the Modern Interstate Border Dispute”, Journal of Conflict Resolution, XXIV, September 1980, pp. 427-454.
“Policy-Making Perspectives on War Simulations”, Journal of Conflict Resolution, XXIV, June 1980, pp. 359-375.
“Transnational Resource Conflict: The Politics of Whaling”, International Studies Quarterly, XXIV, March 1980, pp. 99-127. Also reprinted in Conflict and Conflict Management, pp. 341-352, edited by Robert O. Matthews, Arthur G. Rubinoff, and Janice Gross Stein (Toronto: Prentice-Hall Canada), 1984.
Perception, Decision Making, and Conflict (Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1979).
“Political Gaming and Foreign Policy Making During Crises”, World Politics, XXIX, July 1977, pp. 610-625.
PhD, Political Science, Yale University. M.Phil., Political Science, Yale University. M.A., International Relations, Yale University. AB, International Relations, Brown University.