November 16, 2021
PHIL 303: 19th Century Philosophy - Spring 2022
PHIL 303: 19th Century Philosophy
J.M. Fritzman MWF 1:50 - 2:50 pm
My research interests are in German Idealism, Indian Philosophy, and the Philosophy of Mind. I enjoy hiking in Portland’s many parks and forests, watching Bollywood movies, and cooking. I have been to India eight times, and I twice led the Overseas Program to India.
In Nineteenth Century Philosophy (PHIL 303), we’ll study the four giants of German Idealism and Romanticism: the incredible Kant, the fantastic Fichte, the mighty Hegel, and the amazing Schelling. We will think with them, and sometimes against them, about Self and Knowledge, Freedom and Morality, Law and State, Beauty and Art, History and Reason, Nature and Science, God and Religion. Together we will—not wholly or in full measure, but substantially—realize and become ourselves.
What Wilde said about the nineteenth century applies equally to our own: “It seems to me that with the development of the critical spirit we shall be able to realise, not merely our own lives, but the collective life of the race, and so to make ourselves absolutely modern, in the true meaning of the word modernity…. For he [sic] to whom the present is the only thing that is present, knows nothing of the age in which he [sic] lives. To realise the nineteenth century, one must realise every century that has preceded it and that has contributed to its making. To know anything about oneself one must know all about others. There must be no mood with which one cannot sympathise, no dead mode of life that one cannot make alive. The legacies of heredity may make us alter our views of moral responsibility, but they cannot but intensify our sense of the value of Criticism; for the true critic is he [sic] who bears within himself [sic] the dreams and ideas and feelings of myriad generations, and to whom no form of thought is alien, no emotional impulse obscure.”