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Getting Started in a Major or Minor

Majors offer students the opportunity to study an area in depth, explore key scholarly questions, and contribute to critical conversations in the field. Students must complete one major to graduate. Students declare a major after earning 45 credits (including credits earned from IB, AP, or transfer institutions).

In addition to a major, students may select a minor. A minor can be a limited version of a major, a more specialized subset of a particular field of study, or a structured opportunity to explore areas of study that are interdisciplinary in scope. Minors are optional.

Requirements for majors/minors are listed in the Undergraduate College Catalog.

Most departments and programs offer introductory courses, appropriate for first-year students, to the major and minor (100-level or 200-level courses with an F).

Note: Refer to the Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) equivalency charts to see if credits may be applied to a major or minor. 

Art (Studio)

Course of Study: Major

Visit the Art Department website

Recommended first course: Try taking a course in a medium you might specialize in, such as:
Art 113: Sculpture I
Art 115: Drawing I
Art 116: Ceramics I
Art 117A: Painting Fundamentals
Art 120: Photography I

Note: If all courses in a medium you might specialize in are full, any studio art course (including Art 105: Introduction to Visual Art and Culture) is recommended.

Art History

Course of Study: Major

Visit the Art Department website

Recommended first course:
Art 100: Key Monuments

Other courses to consider:
Art 151: Early East Asian Art
Art 208-F1: Ancient Art of the Mediterranean World
Art 230-F1: 17th Century Art

Art and Art History (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Department of Art website

Recommended first course:
Art 100: Key Monuments
Any 100-level studio art course

Other courses to consider:
Art 151: Early East Asian Art
Art 208-F1: Ancient Art of the Mediterranean World
Art 230-F1: 17th Century Art

Asian Studies

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Asian Studies website

Recommended first course:
If interested in China or Japan Concentration, take Chin 101: Beginning Chinese I or Japn 101: Beginning Japanese I in fall (or higher level based on placement exam results).

Other courses to consider:
Art 151: Early East Asian Art
Hist 110: Early East Asian History
SOAN 270-F1: Cultural Politics of Youth in East Asia 

Note: AS 100: Introduction to Asian Studies is also recommended and is offered in the spring semester. 

Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Course of Study: Major

Visit the Biochemistry and Molecular Biology website

Recommended first course:
Chem 110: General Chemistry I

Other courses to consider:
Math 131: Calculus I or Math 132: Calculus II

Note: Please consult advice for Prospective Math, Science, and Environmental Studies Majors for further guidance. 

Biology

Course of Study: Major

Visit the Biology website


Recommended first course:
Bio 141: Investigations in Ecology and Environmental Science
Chem 110: General Chemistry I 

Other courses to consider:
Math 115: Elementary Functions (recommended if a student is not prepared to start Math at the level of Math 131: Calculus I or Math 123: Calculus and Statistics for Modelling the Life Sciences)
Math 123: Calculus and Statistics for Modelling the Life Sciences

Note: It is possible to postpone Bio 141 or Chem 110 until the sophomore year, but taking both in the first year provides maximum flexibility in terms of planning for overseas study, senior research, and preparation for graduate and professional school. If you DO postpone one of these, then consider enrolling in Math 115, Math 123, or Math 131.  

Please consult advice for Prospective Math, Science, and Environmental Studies Majors for further guidance. 

Chemistry

Course of Study: Major, minor

Visit the Chemistry website

Recommended first course:
Chem 110: General Chemistry I

Other courses to consider:
Math 131: Calculus I

Note: Please consult advice for Prospective Math, Science, and Environmental Studies for further guidance.

Chinese (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Chinese website

Recommended first course:
Chin 101: Beginning Chinese (or higher level based on placement exam results)

Other courses to consider:
Chin 290-F1: Topics in Reform Era Fiction & Film or Chin 291-F1: Topics in Reform Era Fiction & Film

Note: Only language courses beyond Chin 202: Intermediate Chinese II apply to the Chinese minor.

Classics

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Classics Department website

Recommended first course:
Latn 101: Beginning Latin I (if student has had no prior Latin language instruction)
Grk 201-F1: Readings in Hellenistic and Classical Greek (based on placement exam results)

Other courses to consider:
Clas 202-F1: Introduction to Ancient Roman Thought and Culture  (either this course or CLAS 201: Greek Thought and Culture (offered in fall 2018) is required for all Classics majors and minors).

Note: All incoming students who have taken Latin or Ancient Greek in high school should contact Gordon Kelly, chair of the Classics Department (gkelly@lclark.edu), in order to take the appropriate placement exam. The results of the exam will determine which level of Latin or Greek the student should take. 

Computer Science

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Computer Science website

Recommended first course:
CS 171: Computer Science I

Other recommended courses: 
Math 115: Elementary Functions (recommended if a student is not prepared to start Math at the level of Math 131: Calculus I)

Computer Science and Mathematics

Course of Study: Major

Visit Computer Science and Mathematics website

Recommended first course:
Math 131: Calculus I (or higher level based on AP or IB HL exam results)
CS 171: Computer Science I (or higher level based on AP or IB HL exam results)

Other courses to consider: 
Math 115: Elementary Functions (recommended if a student is not prepared to start Math at the level of Math 131: Calculus I)

Note:
 Please consult advice for Prospective Math, Science, and Environmental Studies Majors for further guidance.  

Dance (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Dance website

Recommended first course:
TH 106: Fundamentals of Movement 

Other courses to consider:
TH 113: Acting I: Fundamentals
TH 201-F1: Contact Improvisation 
TH 209-F1: Social Dance Forms

Economics

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Economics Department website

Recommended first course:
Econ 100: Principles of Economics

Other recommended courses:
Econ 103: Statistics (PSY 200, MATH 105, or MATH 255 may be used in place of ECON 103)
Math 131: Calculus I
Math 115: Elementary Functions (recommended if a student is not prepared to start Math at the level of Math 131: Calculus I)

Note: Students who earn a 4 or 5 on the AP Statistics Exam, and receive LC credit for their exam, are not eligible to also earn credit for Math 105: Perspectives in Statistics, Econ 103: Statistics, or Psy 200: Statistics I. 

English

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the English Department website

Recommended first course:
Eng 100: Film as Literature
Eng 200-F1: Introduction to Fiction and Fiction Writing
Eng 201-F1: Introduction to Poetry and Poetry Writing
Eng 209-F1: Introduction to American Literature

Other courses to consider:
The following courses are open to first-year students, but are more commonly taken in the sophomore year:
Eng 205-F1: Major Periods and Issues in English Literature
Eng 206-F1: Major Periods and Issues in English Literature

Environmental Studies

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Environmental Studies website

Recommended first course:
ENVS 160: Introduction to Environmental Studies (this course is offered in both fall and spring, and can be taken either semester)

Other courses to consider:
Bio 141: Investigations in Ecology and Environmental Science
Chem 110: General Chemistry I
Econ 100: Principles in Economics
Geo 170: Climate Science
IA 100: Introduction to International Relations
Phil 215-F1: Philosophy and the Environment
SOAN 100: Introduction to Sociology or SOAN 110: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Note: Please consult advice for Prospective Math, Science, and Environmental Studies Majors for further guidance.

Ethnic Studies (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Ethnic Studies website

Recommended first course:
Hist 243-F1: African American History (core Ethnic Studies course)

Other courses to consider:
Hist 135: United States: Empire to Superpower 
Hist 141: Colonial Latin American History
Mus 136: World Music: Asia
Mus 142: Music and Social Justice

Note: Students may also considering enrolling in IA 100: Introduction to International Relations, SOAN 100: Introduction to Sociology, or SOAN 110: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. Completing one of these prerequisite classes will allow students maximum flexibility in enrolling in subsequent course in the minor.

French Studies

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the French Studies website

Recommended first course:
Fren 101: Beginning French I (or higher level based on placement)
 
Note:
 Only language courses beyond Fren 202: Intermediate French II apply to the French Studies major or minor.

Gender Studies (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Gender Studies website

Recommended first course:
Gend 200-F1: Genders and Sexuality in U.S. Society
Gend 231-F1: Genders and Sexuality in Global Perspective

Other courses to consider:
Psy 230-F1 and F2: Infant and Child Development (for students who have satisfied the Psy 100: Introduction to Psychology prerequisite) 
Th 106: Fundamentals of Movement

German Studies

Course of Study: Major

Visit the German Studies website

Recommended first course:
Germ 101: Beginning German I (or higher level based on placement)

Other courses to consider:
Hist 120: Early European History

Note:
Only language courses beyond Germ 202: Intermediate German II apply to the German Studies major.

Hispanic Studies

Course of Study: Major

Visit the Hispanic Studies website

Recommended first course:
Span 101: Beginning Spanish I (or higher level based on placement)

Other courses to consider:
Hist 141: Colonial Latin American History

Note: Only language courses beyond Span 202: Intermediate Spanish II apply to the Hispanic Studies major.

History

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the History Department website

Recommended first course:
HIST 110: Early East Asian History 
HIST 120: Early European History 
HIST 135: United States: Empire to Superpower 
HIST 141: Colonial Latin American History

Other courses to consider:
HIST 221-F1: Tudor and Stuart Britain, 1485 to 1688 
HIST 243-F1: African American History from 1863 

International Affairs

Course of Study: Major

Visit the International Studies website

Recommended first course:
IA 100: Introduction to International Relations

Other courses to consider:
Econ 100: Principles of Economics
Econ 103: Statistics or Math 105: Perspectives in Statistics
Pols 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics or Pols 103: Introduction to American Politics

Note: Students who earn a 4 or 5 on the AP Statistics Exam, and receive LC credit for their exam, are not eligible to also earn credit for Math 105: Perspectives in Statistics, Econ 103: Statistics, or Psy 200: Statistics I.  

Japanese (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Japanese website

Recommended first course:
Japn 101: Beginning Japanese I

Note: Only language courses beyond Japn 202: Intermediate Japanese II apply to the Japanese minor. 

Latin American Studies (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Latin American Studies website

Recommended first course:
Hist 141: Colonial Latin America History

Other courses to consider:
IA 100: Introduction to International Relations
SOAN 100: Introduction to Sociology or SOAN 110: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Mathematics

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Mathematical Sciences website

Recommended first course:
Math 131: Calculus I or Math 132: Calculus II (depending upon ALEKS placement, AP, or IB HL exam results)

Other courses to consider:
CS 171: Computer Science I
Math 215-F1: Discrete Mathematics
Math 225-F1: Linear Algebra 
Math 233-F1: Calculus III
Math 235-F1: Differential Equations

Note: Please consult advice for Prospective Math, Science, and Environmental Studies Majors for further guidance. 

Middle East and North African Studies (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Middle East and North African Studies website

Recommended first course:
Arb 101: Beginning Arabic I (if student has had no prior Arabic language instruction) or Arb 201: Intermediate Arabic I (fulfills core requirement in minor; enrollment based on Foreign Language placement results)

Other courses to consider:
Rels 224-F1: Jewish Origins

Note: Students may considering enrolling in IA 100: Introduction to International Relations, SOAN 100: Introduction to Sociology, or SOAN 110: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology. Completing one of these prerequisite classes will allow students maximum flexibility in enrolling in subsequent course in the minor. 

Music

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Music Department website

Recommended first course:
Mus 100: Pre-Theory or Mus 150: Music Theory I (depending upon Music Theory Placement Exam results)

Other courses to consider:
Mus 136: World Music: Asia
Mus 162: History of Western Music I
Music Performance Ensemble(s)
Music Applied Lessons or Performance Classes 

Note: Please consult the Music Department’s Registration Information for New Students for further guidance.

Neuroscience (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Neuroscience website

Recommended first course:
Chem 110: General Chemistry I
Psy 100: Introduction to Psychology

Other courses to consider:
CS 171: Computer Science I
Math 105: Perspectives in Statistics
Math 115: Elementary Functions (recommended if a student is not prepared to start Math at the level of Math 131: Calculus I)
Math 123: Calculus and Statistics for Modelling the Life Sciences
Math 131: Calculus I
Phil 101: Logic
Phil 102: Introduction to Philosophy
Psy 200: Statistics I
Psy 220-F1: Thinking, Memory, and Problem Solving 
Psy 280-F1: Brain and Behaviour

Notes: Please consult advice for Prospective Math, Science, and Environmental Studies Majors for further guidance. 

Students who earn and receive credit for a 4 or 5 on the AP Statistics Exam are not eligible to also earn credit for Math 105: Perspectives in Statistics, Econ 103: Statistics, or Psy 200: Statistics I.  

Philosophy

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Philosophy Department website

Recommended first course:
Phil 102: Introduction to Philosophy or Phil 103: Ethics

Other courses to consider:
Phil 101: Logic 
Phil 201-F1: Philosophy of Religion
Phil 215-F1: Philosophy and the Environment

Physics

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Physics Department website

Recommended first course:
Phys 151: Physics I: Motion (Mechanics)
Math 131: Calculus I (may be taken concurrently with Phys 151: Physics I: Motion) 

Other courses to consider:
Math 115: Elementary Functions (recommended if a student is not prepared to start Math at the level of Math 131: Calculus I) 
Math 132: Calculus II 
Math 225-F1: Linear Algebra 
Math 233-F1: Calculus III  
Math 235-F1: Differential Equations

Note: Please consult advice for Prospective Math, Science, or Environmental Studies Majors for further guidance.

Political Economy (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Political Economy website

Recommended first course:
Econ 100: Principles of Economics
IA 100: Introduction to International Relations
SOAN 100: Introduction to Sociology or SOAN 110: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Political Science

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Political Science website

Recommended first course:
POLS 102: Introduction to Comparative Politics
POLS 103: Introduction to American Politics

Other courses to consider:
Econ 100: Principles of Economics
IA 100: Introduction to International Relations

Psychology

Course of Study: Major

Visit the Psychology Department website

Recommended first course:
Psy 100: Introduction to Psychology
Psy 200-F1 or F2: Statistics I

Other courses to consider:
Psy 220-F1:Thinking, Memory, and Problem Solving 
Psy 230-F1 or F2: Infant and Child Development
Psy 240-F1: Abnormal Psychology 
Psy 260-F1 or F2: Social Psychology
PSY-280-F1: Brain and Behavior 

Note: AP Psychology exam scores of 4 or 5, and IB HL Psychology exam scores of 5, 6, or 7, are equivalent to Psy 100: Introduction to Psychology.

Students who earn and receive credit for a 4 or 5 on the AP Statistics exam are not eligible to also earn credit for Math 105: Perspectives in Statistics, Econ 103: Statistics, or Psy 200: Statistics I. 

Religious Studies

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Religious Studies website

Recommended first course:
Rels 103: Asceticism
 

Other courses to consider:
Rels 201-F1: History and Theory 
Rels 224-F1: Jewish Origins
Rels 243-F1: Buddhism: Theory, Culture, and Practice 
Rels 253-F1: Prophets, Seekers, and Heretics: U.S. Religious History from 1492 to 1865    

Rhetoric and Media Studies

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Rhetoric and Media Studies website

Recommended first course:
RHMS 100: Introduction to Rhetoric and Media Studies 

Other courses to consider:
RHMS 211-F1: Professional Discourse
RHMS 270-F1: Interpersonal Media

Russian (minor only)

Course of Study: Minor

Visit the Russia website

Recommended first course:
Russ 101: Beginning Russian I (or higher level depending on placement)

Note: Only language courses beyond Rus 202: Intermediate Russian II apply to the Russian minor. 

Sociology and Anthropology

Course of Study: Major

Visit the Sociology and Anthropology Department website

Recommended first course:
SOAN 100: Introduction to Sociology or SOAN 110: Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Student-Designed Major

Course of Study: Major

Learn more about the Student-Designed Major.

First-year students are encouraged to explore coursework and get to know faculty in their general areas of interest. Development of a student-designed major involves selection of and consultation with a three-member faculty advisory committee, and submission of a formal proposal to the Curriculum Subcommittee on Petitions, Appeals, and Student-Designed Majors (SPAS). Students are urged to begin constructing a proposal early during the sophomore year, as they must submit the proposal no later than the fifth week of the second semester of the sophomore year. To learn more about the student-designed major, please consult the with your Faculty and College Advisors, as well as the College Catalog for information about proposal criteria.

Theatre

Course of Study: Major, Minor

Visit the Theatre Department’s website

Recommended first course:
TH 106: Fundamentals of Movement
TH 113: Acting I: Fundamentals 
 

Other courses to consider:
TH 209-F1: Social Dance Forms 
TH 280-F1: Theatre and Society 

World Languages and Literature (formerly Foreign Languages)

Course of Study: Major

Visit the World Language and Literature (formerly Foreign Languages) website

Recommended first course:
Any two of the following languages: Chinese, French, German, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish at the 101: Beginning I level (or higher based in placement exam results)

Other courses to consider:
Chin 290-F1: Topics in Chinese Literature in Translation: Reform Era Fiction & Film (students pursuing the study of Chinese as part of their World Language major may apply this course to major requirements)

Japn 290: Topics in Japanese Literature in Translation and Russ 290: Russian Literature in Translation will be offered in the spring.

Note: Only language courses beyond the 202: Intermediate II level apply to the World Language and Literature Major.

 

Pre-Professional Offerings
Business and Management

Lewis & Clark offers management courses in finance and fiscal policy, so you’ll develop technical knowledge in addition to the broad skills you’ll get from a liberal arts education. For your first semester, explore possible majors based on your developing interests. Further information is available at the Guide to Students Interested in Business School/MBA Offerings.

Education

Lewis & Clark offers several courses, and a Teachers Pathways program, for undergraduates who wish to explore the field of education. Students who are interested in becoming educators can start by taking ED 205-F1: Education in a Complex World and, subsequently, ED 446: Reimagining Teaching and Learning. Both courses are taught by faculty members in the Lewis & Clark Graduate School of Education and Counseling and may incorporate off-campus experiences in elementary, middle, and/or high school classrooms in Portland Public Schools. These courses also provide a strong introduction to educational theory and practice that are necessary for further study in this field.  Further information is available at the Guide to Students Interested in Education.

Pre-Engineering

For students seeking a traditional engineering background leading to certification, Lewis & Clark has joined several nationally recognized engineering schools to offer a cooperative program that provides students with the advantages of a liberal arts education as a complement to rigorous studies in engineering. This engineering program, commonly referred to as the “3-2 Program,” enables a student to complete three years of study at Lewis & Clark, followed by two years at the engineering school. The student earns a degree from each school. Further information available at the Guide to Students Interested in Engineerin.

Pre-Law

Law schools do not require, and Lewis & Clark does not prescribe, a single course of study as pre-law preparation. In fact, students have gone to law school after majoring in almost every field. Your plans should be based on your interests and objectives in studying law.  Further information available at the Guide to Students Interested in Law School.

Pre-Medicine/Pre-Health

While Lewis & Clark does not offer a Pre-Health Major, many courses required for admission to health-professional schools are sequential, so careful planning is essential. Students can begin to prepare for medical school by taking Chem 110: General Chemistry I and a math course (such as Math 115: Elementary Functions, Math 131: Calculus I, or Math 132: Calculus II) in your first semester. Further information available at the Guide to Students Interested in the Health Professions.